A geologist is a scientist who studies the Earth and its processes, including the structure, composition, and history of the planet. They use various techniques, such as field observations, mapping, and laboratory analysis, to understand how the Earth has changed over time and how it continues to change today.

Geologists also study natural resources such as minerals, oil, and water, and use their understanding of the Earth to help locate, extract, and manage these resources. They also study natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides and use their understanding of the Earth to help predict and mitigate their impact. Geologists may work in a variety of settings, including academia, government, and industry.

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